8/26/16

Farmed Salmon Producer Misleads Customers with Wild on the Website


Farmed Salmon Producer Misleads Customers with Wild on the Website 
Subscribe to my channel: https://goo.gl/cl7awD

YOU ARE MOST LIKELY CONSUMING BLEACHED AND CHEMICAL-LOADED GARLIC FROM CHINA


YOU ARE MOST LIKELY CONSUMING BLEACHED AND CHEMICAL-LOADED GARLIC FROM CHINA
Subscribe to my channel: https://goo.gl/cl7awD 

Wild Salmon Fraud. Does Cafetal Social Club Really Have Wild Salmon

Wild Salmon Fraud. Does Cafetal Social Club Really Have Wild Salmon 
Subscribe to my channel: https://goo.gl/cl7awD

Prescription Drugs Killing the Population?


Prescription Drugs Killing the Population?
Subscribe to my channel: https://goo.gl/cl7awD

8/22/16

The Forest Has a Foul Smell Today!


The Forest Has a Foul Smell Today! 
Subscribe to my channel: https://goo.gl/cl7awD

8/19/16

Is a Vegan Diet Considered Child Abuse?

Is a Vegan Diet Considered Child Abuse? 
Subscribe to my channel: https://goo.gl/cl7awD

5 Best Bike Trails in the Hudson Valley

 By Sponsored Post August 18, 2016



The Hudson Valley is a bicycle rider’s playground. Our backyard boasts dozens of mountains, hundreds of trail miles and thousands of acres of parkland.
With all the weekend warriors in our midst, you might find yourself a bit intimidated by the outdoor recreational options out there. Not to worry though: You don’t have to be a serious mountain biker to enjoy cruising many of the carriage roads and trails available to us.
We spoke with Christian Favata, owner of Favata’s TRT Bicycles in Rosendale, to find out where the best Hudson Valley biking trails for new riders and casual enthusiasts are.


Wallkill Valley Rail Trail

"Really nice views, it’s pretty much flat and almost anybody can ride and enjoy it"The Wallkill valley Rail Trail is 22 miles of primarily gravel and packed dirt trail running from Wallkill to Kingston.
“It runs right along the Shawangunk Ridge. Really nice views, it’s pretty much flat and almost anybody can ride and enjoy it,” Favata said.
The trail runs through the Village of New Paltz and close to the Rosendale Business District, allowing for a break at a local eatery or browsing the small businesses in those areas.
Parking is available at 11 locations along the trail and access is free.

Mohonk Preserve

The Mohonk Preserve protects over 8,000 acres along the Shawangunk Ridge in Ulster County. The area offers a variety of outdoor recreational opportunities from rock climbing to hiking to biking.
“They have miles and miles of beautiful, old carriage roads that traverse up and down the mountain,” Favata said.
The Mohonk Preserve’s carriage roads provide 30 miles for mountain bikers to enjoy, according to its website. The preserve connects with Minnewaska State Park and Mohonk Mountain House to provide bikers with access to even more mileage.
The Mohonk Preserve day fee is $17 for bikers. Regular visitors can also spring for the Mohonk Preserve PLUS+ Annual Membership for $95. Park access is available at any of the preserve’s four trailheads. Arrive early on clear weekends to ensure you get a parking spot since the lots fill up quickly.

Minnewaska State Park

"It’s incredible how many miles of riding there are up there"Minnewaska State Park houses an incredible 23,000 acres in Ulster County. Like Mohonk Preserve, Minnewaska houses a section of the Shawangunk Ridge.
Minnewaska has three lakes and some 35 miles of carriage roads for biking, according to its website.
“You can do a really nice ride to one of the lakes, jump in, take a swim, hang out and then finish up your ride,” Favata said. “It’s incredible how many miles of riding there are up there.”
Parking at Minnewaska State Park costs $10 per day. You can also purchase the Empire Passport for $65, giving you access to all New York State Parks.

The Marbletown O&W Rail Trail

"It’s very similar to the Wallkill Valley Rail Trail. It’s very scenic"The Marbletown O&W Rail Trail might be the hidden gem of this list. The park features nearly 9 miles of gravel and packed dirt trail running from Stone Ridge to Hurley.
“It’s very similar to the Wallkill Valley Rail Trail. It’s very scenic,” Favata said.
He noted that the trail committee is in the beginning steps of trying to open the trail further along to old Ontario & Western Railway, which ran through to Ellenville.
The rail trail offers four trailheads with free public access to the linear park.

Dutchess County Rail Trail

"…really amazing and the views from the bridge are awesome"The Dutchess County Rail Trail is 13 miles of paved trail running from Hopewell Junction to the Highland side of the Walkway Over the Hudson.
“The riding over there is a little more urban but it’s still really amazing and the views from the bridge are awesome,” Favata said.
The Dutchess County Rail Trail includes six trailheads with parking and restrooms. The linear park is free and open to the public.


Source: http://hudsonvalleypost.com/5-best-bike-trails-in-the-hudson-valley/



8/17/16

Organic Food Is NO Better For Your Kids


Organic Food Is NO Better For Your Kids 
Subscribe to my channel: https://goo.gl/cl7awD

Berlin Goes Vegan With 'Butcher' Shops, Singles' Night

On August 16, 2016

Berlin Goes Vegan With 'Butcher' Shops, Singles' Night
Vegan "burger" made of wild garlic (Baerlauch) at the vegan restaurant "L'Herbivore" in Berlin. (AFP)

BERLIN:  Long the European capital of techno-driven nightlife, fastidious hipsterdom and low-cost party weekends, Berlin is adding another string to its bow as a vegan haven.

Animal product-free versions of almost any business can be found in Germany's largest city, from butchers' shops to singles' nights.

But getting lost in the eyes of a romantic prospect over grilled tofu is far from all that's on offer for the city's 80,000 vegans -- around 10 percent of the nationwide figure, vegetarian association Vebu estimates.

"Germany and especially Berlin are at the forefront" of a vegan "movement" that's advancing all over Europe, Vebu vice-president Sebastian Joy told AFP.

That's obvious from the roughly 60 vegan restaurants on offer in the German capital counted by specialist website Happy Cow -- far outstripping the 24 in Paris and 40 in London, both cities more than twice the size of Berlin.

Chef Johannes Thenerl frying a patty made of wild garlic (Baerlauch) to make a vegan "burger". (AFP)

That figure has ballooned since 2008, when there were just three completely animal-free restaurants according to Vebu.

'Vegans attract vegans'

Berlin is "younger, more hyped, and more alternative than Munich, Paris or London," explained Joy.

"There's a snowball effect: vegans attract vegans and more and more people come."

On top of the roughly 10 new eateries opening each year, a whole lifestyle is falling into place.

Schivelbeiner Strasse in the Prenzlauer Berg neighbourhood in northeast Berlin, popular with startup workers and young parents, has become a "Vegan Avenue".

Initiates can stroll from supermarket to cafe to clothes- and shoe-shops and carry their purchases home with vegan consciences clear.

The food shelves without cheese, yoghurt or honey and clothing racks without wool or leather are a far cry from the luxurious treats at KaDeWe -- the German answer to Harrods or Galeries Lafayette.

Today in 2016, growth in what's on offer, from soy ice-cream to Europe's first 100 percent-vegan pizzeria, means that "Berlin is almost comparable to New York" in terms of options for vegans, said yoga teacher and long-time adept of the lifestyle Moritz Ulrich.

Enter the 'flexitarians'

But the sudden aura of cool around veganism has uprooted the movement from its woollen-socks-with-sandals origins.

In early 2016, police were called to break up a vegan restaurant opening after hundreds of people showed up to the event, swarming over the pavement and even blocking traffic.

The new fast-food joint had become the evening's hot ticket on Facebook among fans of the fashion-blogger owners.

"Being vegan is no longer an abstemious practise for a few fundamentalist animal-lovers, but part of hedonistic event culture," sniffed Munich broadsheet Sueddeutsche Zeitung.

The Facebook crowds fit into a growing, fluid category of "flexitarians", who may see part-time veganism as a way to eat more healthily or care a little more for the environment.

"People are asking more and more questions about where the food on their plate comes from," said Johannes Theuerl, the owner of a vegan butcher's shop.

On offer at his counter are "meatballs" and slices of roast seitan, a food based on wheat proteins.

"Beyond reducing meat consumption, we see that people also want to eat seasonal and regional produce," Theuerl went on.

Proponents say that traditional vegans' upsets about such meat substitutes are past their sell-by date.

"I've had enough of the cliche about the activist who expects others to adopt the same lifestyle," heartthrob vegan celebrity chef Attila Hildmann told Deutschlandradiokultur, complaining of an "ideological wall" around veganism.

Some people just insist that "meat is a crime, without proposing an alternative," he went on.

But with veganism on the radar of Berlin's entrepreneurs, foodies, and fad-seeking young followers of fashion, more alternatives are emerging all the time.

Nowadays, "people who give up meat aren't doing it because they don't like it," said Vebu's Joy, who picks a distinctly 21st-Century analogy to drive his argument home.

"You can drive an electric car because you see the damage done by diesel without wanting to switch to a bike."

8/15/16

Can Athletes Perform Well on a Vegan Diet?

By Christine Bailey 

Lizzie Armitstead isn’t the first athlete to achieve Olympic success on a non-meat diet. In fact there are a number of successful vegan or vegetarian athletes, including ultra-runner Scott Jurek, pro triathlete and ultra-runner Brendan Brazier, and US Master’s Running Champion Tim Van Orden.

But for the average athlete or exercise enthusiast can you perform as well if you ditch the meat and dairy? Christine Bailey author of GO LEAN VEGAN provides some advice

Protein Needs
The most common concern when switching to a plant based diet for athletes is getting sufficient protein. All athletes need protein at higher levels than the average person. Endurance athletes need protein in particular for muscle repair, whereas strength athletes require it for muscle mass. The general recommendations for athletes are around 1.4-1.8 g per kg body weight. There are only a few plant sources of protein (e.g soya) that supply a good balance of all the essential amino acids and many plant protein foods can be harder to utilize. To achieve optimal protein intake on a plant based diet does require more careful planning but it is possible. Focus the diet around protein rich plant foods like legumes, nuts, seeds, soya especially fermented soya (tempeh, natto, miso) and grains like teff and quinoa in addition to leafy greens. Many athletes will benefit from using vegan protein powders like rice, hemp or soya, which can be easily added to dishes, homemade protein bars or smoothies especially post training.

Antioxidant Boost
While research on vegan athletes appears lacking there are studies on vegetarian athletes indicating similar if not better intakes of vitamins, minerals and fibre as well as lower intake of cholesterol (2). One potential benefit is the greater intake of antioxidants and phytonutrients which play a key role in reducing free radical damage which occurs during vigorous exercise. This may therefore help vegan athletes to recovery faster.

High training loads does place more stress on the body and there is no doubt that certain nutrients can be lower in vegan diets such as vitamin B12, zinc, iodine and omega 3 fatty acids. Supplementation of B12 is recommended due to limited vegan sources (it is really only available from animal products). B12 is important for athletes, since it affects red blood cell production as well as being essential for nerve health. But many foods and milk alternatives are fortified with B12 now, or you can take supplements. For those pounding the streets or working out at the gym regularly it’s a good idea to check your vitamin D and calcium levels for bone health. Calcium rich foods include fortified milk alternatives, tahini, leafy greens, soya products, almonds, beans and dried figs. Iron deficiency is also more likely which can affect performance and lower immunity.

Better for Endurance Athletes?
It is likely that endurance athletes are more likely to perform well on a vegan diet compared to those involved in strength and explosive sports. This is partly due to differences in levels of intramuscular creatine. Creatine in the form of creatine phosphate is a source of energy in high-intensity exercise. Depletion of creatine phosphate is a cause of fatigue in repeated bouts of such exercise, and possibly also in short-term endurance exercise. Vegans and Vegetarians generally have less intramuscular creatine than omnivores because creatine is found only in muscle meat. This means vegans are more likely to experience significantly more benefits from creatine supplements (3). Another reason a vegan diet may suit endurance athletes is that plant based eating is naturally higher in carbohydrates and fibre to sustain energy levels while being lower in fats.

There is no doubt you can perform well without the meat but it does require more attention to your diet - no bad thing of course for your long term health and sporting success.

Look for a nourishing protein boost? Try Christine’s Berry Protein Balls for a quick and healthy protein snack post training from her new book GO LEAN VEGAN published by Yellow Kite Books July 2016

Superberry Protein Balls 
A great energising boost before or after a workout - ideal as well as an afternoon pick-me-up or when you fancy a sweet treat. Make a batch of these and store in the fridge or freezer.

Preparation time: 10 minutes, plus chilling
Cooking time 2 minutes

Makes 20 balls

]2 tbsp. coconut oil, melted
3 tbsp. xylitol or 1-2 tsp granulated stevia
220g nut butter (cashew, almond or peanut)
4 tbsp. coconut flour
60g vegan vanilla or berry protein powder
1 tsp acai or goji berry powder (optional)
50g dried berries (cranberries, cherries etc.)
Desiccated coconut, to coat

1. Place the coconut oil and xylitol (or stevia) in a pan. Gently melt over a low heat, stirring to dissolve the xylitol. Allow to cool slightly and then tip into a food processor and add the nut butter. Process briefly until combined.

2. Add the coconut flour, protein powder and acai or goji berry powder, if using, and blend again to form a stiff dough. If it seems too wet add a little more coconut flour or protein powder. The mixture should be firm but soft. Add the dried berries pulse briefly, just to break them up slightly.

3. Tip some desiccated coconut onto a plate. Take small spoonfuls of the mixture and roll into walnut-sized balls, then roll them in the coconut until coated on all sides.

4. Chill in the fridge for about 30 minutes to firm up before eating. Transfer to an airtight container and store in the fridge for up to 5-6 days or freeze for up to 1 month.

Per ball: 117 kcal; 5.5g protein; 8g fat; 2.8g saturated fat; 7g carbohydrates; 2.5g sugars

References 
(1) Nieman DC (1999). Physical fitness and vegetarian diets: is there a relation? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 70, 570S-575S

(2) Eisinger M, Plath M, Jung K, Leitzmann C (1994). Nutrient intake of endurance runners with ovo-lacto-vegetarian diet and regular western diet. Zeitschrift fur Ernahrungswiss 33, 217-229

(3) Maughan RJ (1995) Creatine supplementation and exercise performance. International Journal of Sports Nutrition 5, S39-S61






6 Ways To Stay Safe Running In Brutal Summer Heat

By 

If you're an all-season runner, weather isn't a game changer, it's just something you notice while you're running through it — which probably means you haven't stopped to read up on how to stay safe running in the summer. In your mind, running through a snow storm is a great way to get an extra workout while staying cool. And running through a heat-wave is a great way to get a good sweat going. If you're not bothered by falling rain or icy streets, you're definitely a hardcore, year-round runner. And while inclement weather might make your workouts more exciting, they also make workouts more dangerous.

No matter how strong of an athlete you are and no matter how used to harsh conditions you are, it's still a risky move to run through weather extremes. Which is why it's incredibly important to know how to keep yourself safe and healthy when running through the dangerous summer heat that's definitely plaguing us right now — because nothing will ruin your summer running kick like a case of dehydration, heatstroke, fainting, cramps and minor to major skin irritations brought on by friction and heat. These are six ways to stay as safe as possible when you're running through that hot, hot heat:

Hydrate First
You're going to be sweating double-time because of the high temperatures. You need to hydrate yourself before you get going. You should drink at least 16 ounces of water or sports drink one hour before you even get moving. And then during your run, you should be drinking five to eight ounces every twenty minutes.

Go Early or Late
You don't want to run while the sun is at its strongest. Try to run before the sun has fully risen or wait until it's on its way down. If you can't avoid the sun, try to run on the shady side of the street.

Dress Down
Slather yourself in a minimum of SPF 30 and then wear as few articles of clothing as possible. Stick to light colors and breezy fabrics — microfiber polyesters and cotton blends are the best options.

Avoid Streets
This might be hard depending on where you live, but if you can, avoid running on asphalt. It will only contribute to making you hot. If you can find a trail in a park or run on the grass, that's ideal.

Slow Down

Don't start out running as fast as you usually would. Take a lighter pace and get yourself acclimated to the weather before you increase your speed. And really listen to your body — if you start to feel faint, slow down and take a break in the shade. There's never any reason to push your body.

Go Easy On Yourself
Try to shift your focus about what you need to accomplish in order to get a good run in. It's not about speed or distance in the summer, it's about listening to your body — because running one mile and staying healthy and safe is a lot better for you than running five miles and getting blisters and heat stroke.



8/12/16

How to Explain Running to Non-Runner Friends

By: Dan Roe

How to Explain Running to Non-Runner Friends
teran runners know the familiar “Run Forest, Run!” jeer all too well. You can tell off a passing motorist, but you’ll need a creative retort when an unknowing—and generally well-meaning—dinner party guest asks if you won the Boston Marathon. Here’s your cheat sheet on what you’ll want to say (and what should actually say) to the dumbest things people tell runners.

“I could never run that far!”
What you want to say: “And that’s exactly why you haven’t.”

What you should say: “We all have our strengths and weaknesses. I, for instance, can run the mile in 4:10, but I can’t process gluten, so you’ve got me there.”

“Why don’t you just run home?”
What you want to say: “Because I’m not actually an ancient persistence-hunting Tarahumara from Christopher McDougall’s Born To Run. But I assume that’s all you actually know about distance running, so I’ll give you a pass this one time.”

What you should actually say: “Well, I’m actually pretty tired from running earlier, so I think I’ll just drive there like the rest of the American proletariat.”

“I’m so jealous you can eat whatever you want!”
What you want to say: “Actually, it takes a strict diet of Chipotle and thrice-daily IPAs to maintain this model skinny-fat physique.”

What you should actually say: “I could eat whatever I wanted, sure, but I’m just a sucker for uncooked kale.”

“For which causes are you running?”
What you want to say: “The Hypertension Aversion Fund, Mothers Against Muscle Mass, The Legion Of Self-Important Hobby Joggers, and pure unadulterated selfishness.”

What you should actually say: “I like to think that I’m running to inspire others to lead a healthy lifestyle. I’m like Michelle Obama, with a fuel belt.”

“But why haven’t you run a marathon yet?”
What you want to say: “Do you know what happened to the man who ran the original marathon, from Marathon, Greece, to Athens? He died.”

What you should actually say: “Because it doesn’t fit into my training program right now. You see, I’m trying to be fast on my feet, like Muhammad Ali, and the marathon makes you slow on your feet, like a sumo wrestler.”

What would it mean for you to run Boston?”
What you want to say: “It would be a lot like Taylor Swift at the VMAs in 2009, before Kanye got on stage and ruined the moment.”

What you should actually say: “It would be a career-defining honor to run Boston, for anything less would be egregiously un-American.”

“Did you win?”
What you want to say: “Oh, that major road race with thousands of people and elites? No, but I did get this super-shiny finisher’s medal that I’ll hang on my mantel and wear to dinner parties to differentiate myself from people like you.”

What you should actually say: “Well, no, but I beat yesterday’s version of myself: Isn’t that what we’re all here to do?”

“Why don’t you run barefoot?”
What you want to say: “How would you like it if I buried shards of glass in your feet and covered the wounds in chewing gum?”

What you should actually say: “There is no proven correlation between barefoot running and injury prevention, and there’s far too much debris in an urban area anyway.”

“Don’t you want to have knees when you’re 40?”
What you want to say: “I’m always going to look better than you in shorts regardless.”

What you should actually say: “I set aside 10 minutes of foam roller-love making each day to ensure the health of my connective tissues.”

“Why do you run?”
What you want to say: “Because I was picked last for every team in high school until I realized the only thing I’m actually good at is conditioning.”

What you should actually say: “Have you ever heard of a runner’s high? It’s like a drugs high, but totally legal and fun for the whole family.”



How To Ride The 'Pokémon GO' Wave To Business Success

By Quora,

(Photo: JOSEP LAGO/AFP/Getty Images)

How important has Pokémon GO been for small businesses? originally appeared on Quora: the knowledge sharing network where compelling questions are answered by people with unique insights.


In less than a week, the phenomenon of Pokémon GO has completely transformed retail businesses. Astute small business owners have responded instantly to the opportunity presented by the traffic the game has presented to otherwise almost abandoned streets.

Pokémon Lure Modules

The simplest way to actively engage in Pokémon GO Marketing is to establish a Pokémon Lure Module purchase for the physical retail location. This will capture game characters in the geolocation for about thirty minutes.

The Lure Module marketing technique works out to be $1.19 per hour, while the business is open:

• 14,500 Pokécoins / 680 = 21 8-packs of lures

Quora ,   CONTRIBUTOR


Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own.

(Photo: JOSEP LAGO/AFP/Getty Images)

How important has Pokémon GO been for small businesses? originally appeared on Quora: the knowledge sharing network where compelling questions are answered by people with unique insights.

Answer by Brian Roemmele on Quora:

In less than a week, the phenomenon of Pokémon GO has completely transformed retail businesses. Astute small business owners have responded instantly to the opportunity presented by the traffic the game has presented to otherwise almost abandoned streets.

Pokémon Lure Modules

The simplest way to actively engage in Pokémon GO Marketing is to establish a Pokémon Lure Module purchase for the physical retail location. This will capture game characters in the geolocation for about thirty minutes.

The Lure Module marketing technique works out to be $1.19 per hour, while the business is open:

• 14,500 Pokécoins / 680 = 21 8-packs of lures

Recommended by Forbes
The 2016 Volvo XC60 Is Great, But What's Ahead Is Even Better
Is Machine Learning Overhyped?

Are High-End Motherboards Worth It?
A Rigorous Scientific Look Into The 'Fox News Effect'
MOST POPULAR Photos: The Most Expensive Home Listing in Every State 2016
+195,928 VIEWS They Couldn't Wait To Hire Me -- Until I Pushed Back
MOST POPULAR Photos: The Richest Person In Every State
MOST POPULAR Hands-On With The Samsung Galaxy Note 7

• (21 * 8)/2 = 84hrs

• $100/84 hr = $1.19/hr

This technique has already raised the number of paying customers to small businesses to a level unseen in the history of smartphone apps. For example, my buddies at L’inizio Pizza Bar in New York City made it on @CNBC when over the last weekend they raised business by 75% using Lure Modules:


I have urged thousands of small businesses to utilize this opportunity while it continues to gain momentum. Just about any small retail business can participate to a greater degree. Food establishments and convenience stores are the logical first starts. However, offering smartphone charging stations to Pokémon GO players has proven to be an amazing opportunity to generate new sales and customers.

Pokémon Gyms

The other possibility is locating Pokémon Gyms. These are set locations that are usually in or near a park but are appearing on street corners near businesses. You cannot set up a Pokémon Gym at the moment; however, you can locate them and drive customers to a small business location using Lure Modules. I have been researching Pokémon Gym locations using AI for the past week and made some interesting discoveries. I use the Ingress Map that is used as the basis map by the developer:


Last night I urged five food trucks to locate around a Pokémon Gym and they saw a 7,000% increase in business, about two hundred people per hour. They have seen nothing like this before, even running on into the late night.

Pokémon Paid Sponsorships – Soon

There will also be an advertising opportunity for business very soon: ”Advertisers will be able to buy sponsored places in #PokemonGo”—Niantic CEO (Advertisers set for a piece of ‘Pokémon Go’ action – FT.com).

I am predicting large national retailers sponsoring a number of Pokémon GO elements like free Pokéballs. The fact is, places like McDonald's MCD +0.12% already have seen this growth organically.

The Pokémon Opportunity Is Grand

Pokémon, in less than a week, is already the most popular game in history. It is also more popular on Android than Google GOOGL -0.15% Maps. This will likely continue to grow for some time.

There is no doubt that all things in business have a cycle. Even the best business ideas enter long winters. For Pokémon GO, we are in the early spring of this game and the greater ideas of how new uses of Augmented Reality (AR) can impact businesses. Many companies have built a lot of the concepts we see in Pokémon GO in classic game mechanics-based location apps and have had varying success. Out of nowhere, Pokémon GO has raised awareness of just how powerful AR can be. Thus, I am certain this phenomenon will herald in a new era even as the arc of popularity of Pokémon GO wanes into fall and winter.

I wrote an Amazon Kindle booklet that illustrates six ways to capitalize on the Pokémon GO phenomenon. It is my hope this will be a useful step-by-step way to instantly make great use of the Pokémon GO as quickly as possible:

Amazon.com: How To Use Pokemon Go For Small Business Marketing: 6 Powerful Ways To Capitalize On The Pokémon Go Phenomenon To Get More Customers In Your Business eBook: Brian Roemmele: Kindle Store

The opportunities are always available to the bold and the fast to act. Thus far there have been astounding opportunities for those that have seized the moment. How important has it been for small businesses? So far, nothing has generated more traffic so quickly in the history of small business.

This question originally appeared on Quora. Ask a question, get a great answer. Learn from experts and access insider knowledge. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+. 

Sea Shepherd, Pamela Anderson Team Up to Investigate Salmon Farming Industry

By Katie Pohlman

Farmed salmon is an industry shrouded in secrecy, producing more questions than answers and threatening the native salmon population, according to Sea Shepherd Conservation Society's Operation Virus Hunter.


Sea Shepherd along with biologist Alexandra Morton and actor/activist Pamela Anderson—Sea Shepherd's board chairman—are behind the new campaign to investigate the lawfulness of salmon farming. Morton, as part of the campaign, will travel around Vancouver on Sea Shepherd's R/V Martin Sheen tracing the major salmon migration route, and stopping at various farms to conduct audits for disease and other factors.

"The salmon farming industry thrives on secrecy, shrouding its activities from public view," Morton said. "Operation Virus Hunter will shine a bright spotlight on this industry. Canada cannot claim it is protecting the oceans, including wild salmon, while at the same time, allowing the farmed salmon industry to release waste into the world's largest salmon migration route."

Morton said the audits with be non-aggressive and non-harassing.

"Ninety-four Nations of the Fraser River view wild salmon as being essential to who they are, and they have worked to conserve those stocks for thousands of years," First Nations Leader Chief Ernie Crey said. "The recent salmon declines are a threat to our existence and we hold salmon farms as one of the culprits. The Department of Fisheries and Oceans chooses foreign salmon famers over our title and rights again and again. We ask wild salmon be allowed to come and go to this river free from infection with farm salmon disease."

Farmed salmon comes from a hatchery stock lacking genetic variation. Often, farmed salmon are released into the wild as part of restocking programs hoping to reduce the impacts of overfishing wild salmon. Salmon can also escape into the wild due to faulty containment cages at farms. The intentional and unintentional release of farmed salmon in the wild is one of the main reasons Atlantic salmon has been drive to effective extinction.

Genetic erosion, which occurs when there is no diversity, is another consequence of the release of farmed salmon. Without diversity, a species cannot adapt to new environments or conditions. If they cannot adapt, the species eventually goes extinct.

Not only do farmed salmon lack genetic diversity, they are full of harmful chemicals, as well. Chile's National Fisheries and Aquaculture Service reported the country's salmon producers used 557 tonnes of antibiotics in 2015, with consumption rate per tonne of salmon reaching its highest point in nine year at 660 grams per tonne. Chile is the world's second largest salmon industry.

Farmed salmon are also more susceptible to disease.

"Salmon farms keep pens in the ocean, where the fish swim in their own feces, and breed disease and sea lice that kill wild salmon, threatening the orcas' ability to feed," Anderson said.


Salmon farming can also contribute to algae blooms in both fresh and salt water. Salmon farms could exacerbate the blooms by dumping rotten or contaminated fish into the sea. Sea Shepherd hopes to expose malpractices such as these.

"It is personally very satisfying to me to send one of our vessels to my home province of British Columbia, to address one of the most insidious threats to biodiversity on the West Coast—salmon farms," Sea Shepherd founder Paul Watson said. "Our mission is to investigate, document and expose an industry that is spreading disease, parasites and destroying the natural habitat of our wild salmon - the coho, the sockeye and the chinook. These exotic Atlantic salmon simply do not belong in these waters."

Watch this PSA on the campaign:




Running Might Make You Smarter, Says Study, So That's One More Reason To Get Moving

GEORGINA LAWTON


Whether you're a fan of running or not, you'll know that Smug Runner Syndrome is all too real: People who run sure love to tell others about the advantages of running — and how great they're feeling. And in news that may increase the smugness tenfold, apparently running might make you smarter, too, according to new research. Obviously there's nothing wrong with enjoying running — and, as this recent study reminds us, taking up running comes with a whole host of benefits, both in terms of physical fitness and in relation to other things — but, well... lording it over other people is generally best avoided. Still, though — it's good to know that you're exercising your brain as well as your body when you go for a run, right?

A study from the National Institute of Health (N.I.H), which was published in Cell Metabolism and examined by the New York Times this week, looked at the link between aerobic exercise and its effect on the brain — and the findings will reassure runners everywhere that the benefits of pounding the pavement are greater than physical. The study saw N.I.H. researchers working initially with mice, isolating their muscle cells and covering them in a peptide that tricks their cell metabolism into thinking aerobic exercise is taking place. The researches then examined all the chemicals that the muscle cells released during their phantom workout and looked at one particular substance: A protein known as Cathepsin B (CTSB), which helps sore muscles recover.

CTSB has not previously been linked to increased brain activity, according to the NY Times, so scientists added a little of this protein to other living neurons in petri dishes. The results proved that "those brain cells started making more proteins related to neurogenesis" — that is, they helped create extra neurons in the brain.



That was just the first part of the study, though. A trial involving human volunteers and monkeys was next — and Cathepsin B was found to be present in the bloodstream of these participants after exercise, too. The scientists realised the benefits of CTSB were linked to running when they tested the runners' memory and thinking and saw an increase in their mental performance compared to what it was pre-workout. And here's the super-interesting part: The human volunteers who exercised most intensely (on a treadmill for an hour or more per day, three times a week, for four months) had the highest levels of Cathepsin B in their blood — and therefore the most-improved test scores.

Commenting on the extraordinary findings, study authors said in their paper; "in humans, changes in CTSB levels correlated with fitness and hippocampus-dependent memory function. Our findings suggest CTSB as a mediator of effects of exercise on cognition."



That was just the first part of the study, though. A trial involving human volunteers and monkeys was next — and Cathepsin B was found to be present in the bloodstream of these participants after exercise, too. The scientists realised the benefits of CTSB were linked to running when they tested the runners' memory and thinking and saw an increase in their mental performance compared to what it was pre-workout. And here's the super-interesting part: The human volunteers who exercised most intensely (on a treadmill for an hour or more per day, three times a week, for four months) had the highest levels of Cathepsin B in their blood — and therefore the most-improved test scores.

Commenting on the extraordinary findings, study authors said in their paper; "in humans, changes in CTSB levels correlated with fitness and hippocampus-dependent memory function. Our findings suggest CTSB as a mediator of effects of exercise on cognition."


Vegan Parents May Go To Jail in Italy


Vegan Parents May Go To Jail in Italy 
Subscribe to my channel: https://goo.gl/cl7awD

8/10/16

Does Organic Wine Taste Better?


Does Organic Wine Taste Better? 
Subscribe to my channel: https://goo.gl/cl7awD

Here’s Exactly How To Run Your Fastest Mile

By Emily Abbate

You can run faster by running less. Here's how.

run-faster_feat

You can slash seconds off your best mile time without constantly pounding the pavement. “To quicken your pace you need to awaken your posterior chain,” says David Siik, creator of Equinox Precision Running in Los Angeles. That’s the group of muscles, tendons and ligaments on your backside—like the glutes and hamstrings—which many runners neglect. “A sleepy posterior chain puts undue stress on your joints,” he says. “It also diminishes the power on liftoff as you propel yourself forward.” Strengthening these muscles will increase power, maximize your stride efficiency and lower your risk for injury. Try combining the strength training moves below into a circuit, running half a track (200 meters) between each one. “This method will build the strength and endurance needed to absolutely crush your mile time,” Siik says.

Here’s the 30-day strength and speed plan Siik created to help you run your fastest mile yet. 

You’ll Need: Space to run

Do: 3 sets, 2 times weekly (plus regular runs)

1. Hopscotch Jump
Stand with feet slightly wider than shoulder-width apart. Imagine a 1-foot square in front of you. Quickly hop feet together to center of square, then spread feet as you hop back. Hop to center, then spread feet as you hop forward. Continue for 1 minute.

2. Fly Girl

Lie facedown with arms in front of you. Lift right arm and left leg at least 6 inches for 1 count. Lower, switch sides and repeat for 1 rep. Do 10 reps.

3. Single-Leg Glute Bridge
Lie faceup with feet flat, arms at sides. Lift hips and extend right leg to sky. Keep leg extended as you lower and lift hips for 1 rep. Do 12 reps. Switch sides; repeat.

4. Knee-Tuck Jump
Stand with feet slightly wider than hip-width apart. Squat, keeping knees over toes and arms at sides. Jump, bringing knees to chest and landing in a squat for 1 rep. Do 10 reps.

5. Push and Dash
Start in a high plank. Do 15 push-ups, then sprint 100 meters (about the length of a football field). Rest 30 seconds.

6. Bounding
Run normally, then exaggerate your stride, pushing up as well as forward. Continue for 100 meters.

This article originally appeared in the September 2016 issue of SELF. For more from the September issue, subscribe to SELF and download the digital edition. This full issue is available August 9 on national newsstands.

You may also like: Try This 10-Minute Plyometric Workout You Can Do At Home




8/9/16

Five homemade organic pesticides that actually work

Starts at 60 Writers


Pesticides are the only toxic substances we intentionally release into our environment in order to kill living things.

The chemicals don’t just harm their intended targets though – pesticides have been linked to an increasing number of human health conditions, ranging from headaches and nausea to cancer, endocrine disruption and neurological problems. However, this doesn’t mean you have to put up with garden pests destroying your perfect roses and juicy fruits and vegetables! Thankfully, there are a number of natural substances that act as organic pesticides.

1. Garlic spray: Making a batch of garlic pesticide is quick and cost-effective. Peel and crush the cloves from five bulbs of garlic and mix them with 500ml of water. Allow to infuse for at least six hours. Add in a dash of natural dish soap before passing the mixture through a fine strainer. Dilute this liquid with 4L of water and decant into a spray bottle. Spray this mix on your plants once or twice a week – mixing up a fresh batch weekly – for best results. If you’re using this garlic pesticide on your vegetable garden, avoid using it close to harvest time as it may affect the food flavours. To avoid destroying beneficial bugs, only spray the plant parts that are infested.

2. Epsom salt pesticide: To make an Epsom salt spray, dissolve one cup of the salts in a large bucket of water. Decant into a spray bottle and apply to the affected plants. This will work to burn slugs and beetles, ensuring they keep their distance. An easier option is to simply sprinkle the salts around the base of your plants, reapplying every other week. This will not only deter pests, but will also increase nutrition absorption, as magnesium helps plant roots take up vital nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur.

3. White oil spray: This is a simple but effective spray, made using just two ingredients – soap and oil. It works by coating soft body insects in oil. The added soap helps the oil stick to the bugs. To make, just mix a cup of vegetable oil with a quarter cup of liquid soap. Shake this well until it turns white in colour. When you want to treat your plants, mix one tablespoon of this liquid with four cups of water. Reapply every five to seven days. White oil concentrate will keep for approximately three months in a sealed container or jar.

4. Rubbing alcohol spray: If you just need to tackle a small infestation, apply rubbing alcohol directly to the insects with a cotton swab soaked in the alcohol. Larger infestations mean the alcohol should be sprayed directly on the entire plant – including the stems, flowers and underside of the lower leaves. As alcohol evaporates quickly once exposed to air or sun, it should cause minimal damage to the plant. Repeat the application once or twice a week until the pests are no longer an issue.

5. Lemon-fresh insecticide: To make this freshly-scented insecticide, simply bring a small saucepan of water to the boil. Once the water is boiling, remove it from the heat and add the grated rind of one lemon. Allow to sit overnight before straining the liquid through a fine mesh sieve. Pour this clear liquid into a spray bottle and apply to the top and underside of the leaves of the affected plant.


One Awesome Blender

AddThis

Bookmark and Share